Disaster risk management is now considered as a globally important topic and global efforts are being made to mitigate disasters through integration of different stakeholders. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (2016-2030) addressed disaster risk reduction under its Goal 11. Global target 11.5 of SDG is directly linked to disaster risk reduction and protection of vulnerable people. Existing and rapidly growing densely populated urban areas of most developing countries are not facilitated with adequate safety measures. Major disasters like Cyclone Sidr (2007), Haiti Earthquake (2010), Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (2011), Rana Plaza Collapse (2013), Nepal Earthquake (2015), and the recent climate change related events indicate increased global vulnerability to disasters.
Main focus of the conference is on the social and policy aspects and the application of engineering and technology for the implementation of disaster risk management. Addressing the multidimensional issues, the conference has been divided into six themes:
1. HVRA -Hazard, Vulnerability and Risk Assessment
• Earthquake and Landslide
• Flood, cyclone, drought, riverbank erosion etc.
• Fire and technological hazards
2. Adaptation, Prevention and Mitigation
• Structural Issues
• Geo-technical Issues
• Environmental and Ecological Issues
• Hydrological and Atmospheric Issues
• Socio, Political and Economic Issues
• Indigenous Technologies
3. Warning, Preparedness and Awareness
• Warning and Forecasting
• Community Based Approach
• Education, Outreach and Co-operation
• Indigenous Practices
4. Emergency Management, Recovery and Rehabilitation
5. Mainstreaming Disaster Management
• Policies, Codes and Standards
• Risk Sensitive Land Use Planning
• Institutional Arrangement
• Community Based Disaster Management
• Disaster Financing
6. Climate Change
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, abbreviated as BUET, is one of the most prestigious institutions for higher studies in the country. About 5500 students are pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate studies in engineering, architecture, planning and science in this institution. Every year the intake of undergraduate students is around 900, while the intake of graduate students in Masters and PhD programs is around 1000. A total of about five hundred highly qualified teachers are teaching in these departments and institutes.
Till today, it has produced around 25,000 graduates in different branches of engineering and architecture, and has established a good reputation all over the world for the quality of its graduates
Both Undergraduate and Postgraduate studies and research are now among the primary functions of the University. Eleven departments under five faculties offer Bachelor Degrees, while most of the departments and institutes offer Masters Degrees and some of the departments have Ph.D. programs. In addition to its own research programs, the university undertakes research programs sponsored by outside organizations like European Union, UNO, Commonwealth, UGC, etc.
BUET-Japan Institute of Disaster Prevention and Urban Safety (BUET-JIDPUS)
The BUET-Japan Institute of Disaster Prevention and Urban Safety (BUET-JIDPUS) was established by the Syndicate of BUET on 30 December, 2009 as a development project of the Government of Bangladesh with the financial support from the Government of Japan. The purpose of the institute is to provide a platform for teaching, learning and research in the field of disaster prevention and urban safety that will contribute to reduce disaster risk of the country. The aim of this institute is to assist the government of Bangladesh to strengthen and maintain the infrastructures all over the country and to prevent and well manage natural disasters.
Research works broadly focus on hazard assessment, risk reduction, disaster management and urban safety of Bangladesh. The institute is also preparing to offer post graduate education in the form of masters of science/ masters of engineering (M.Sc./M.Engg) and post graduate diploma (PGD) in the fields of disaster engineering/technology and safety management.
BUET-JIDPUS conducts different national and international projects and the research programs sponsored by Government, Non-Government and international organizations. For example, ICIMOD Project, HEQEP Project Cp-3140, Assessment of Seismic Exposure, Building & Socioeconomic Exposure Assessment and Contingency Planning for Ward 14 of Mymensingh Municipality etc.
Department of Architecture, BUET
The founding of the Department in 1962 helped in the transformation of the then Ahsanullah Engineering College to a full-fledged University. From its inception till 1990, the Department was the only institution of its kind imparting architectural education in the country. At present the Faculty of Architecture and Planning has three Departments: Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning and Humanities.
With the independence of Bangladesh in 1971 the building industry gained a new lease of life. The pressure of students intending to study architecture increased continually. Initially, the yearly intake of students at the first-year level was 25. In 1973, the number was raised to 30, in 1977 to 35 and again to 50 in 1980. Since 1995-96 enrolment is 55 students per batch.
In 1979, as the demand for higher education increased, a program offering the Master of Architecture degree was introduced. From 1993-94 the department is offering PhD program. The Department celebrated its Silver Jubilee in 1986 and completed 50 years in 2012.
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET
The Department of Urban and Regional Planning was established in 1962 under the Faculty of Architecture and Planning, with a Master's Degree in URP. With the growing requirements of Governmental and Non-Governmental organizations as well as Universities and research institutes, the Bachelor's (BURP) and Ph.D. programs have been introduced in 1996.
The Department of Urban and Regional Planning at BUET is primarily concerned with the human settlement development planning at the urban, rural, regional and local levels. The activities of the Department focus on physical, social, environmental, economic and political aspects of human settlements and specializes on the subjects like Urban Planning, Rural Planning, Regional Planning, Transportation Planning, Housing, Environmental Planning, Development Planning, etc. In brief, the overall activities of the Department are planned to meet the demand for skilled manpower in human settlements planning, development management and other related professional fields by providing a set of widely applicable training and experience and their application to urban, rural and regional problems
Institute of Water and Flood Management (IWFM), BUET
Bangladesh is predominantly a floodplain country where water is key to socio-economic development and sustainability of the eco-system. Flood, drought, cyclone, river erosion, siltation, and water scarcity in dry season have made water management a challenging task. To address these issues, the Institute of Flood Control and Drainage Research was established in 1974 and later renamed as the Institute of Water and Flood Management (IWFM) in 2002.
The Institute pursues research and capacity development in the field of water and flood management that is vital for economic development and social prosperity of the country. The Institute also provides advisory and consultancy services to government and non-government organizations.
Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (RAJUK): Urban Resilience Project
In 1947, when India was partitioned, Dhaka became the seat of the provincial government of East Pakistan. The population increased from 0.28 million in 1951 to around 1.2 million in 1971. As the Capital of Bangladesh, which emerged as an independent country after the War of Liberation in 1971, Dhaka has now become one of the fasted growing cities in the world and its population is likely to exceed 16 million by this time. RAJUK is trying to make the capital city Dhaka-a planned, livable and environment friendly city. To fulfill the goal of achieving a planned city. RAJUK has taken initiative to make it livable through solving housing, transportation problems and creation of large-scale water based public space/open space like Hatirjheel integrated project.
The Urban Resilience Project of Bangladesh has an objective to strengthen the capacity of Government of Bangladesh agencies to respond to emergency events and to strengthen systems to reduce the vulnerability of future building construction to disasters.
The World Bank has provided assistance to improve the capacity of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Emergency Management (EM) systems in Bangladesh through the Urban Resilience Project (URP). The URP seeks to create an enabling environment for centrally coordinated and locally managed Disaster Risk Management (DRM) in Bangladesh. There are three core pillars of disaster resilience in urban settings: i) effective emergency management; ii) improving structural resilience through reduction of existing physical vulnerability; and iii) risk-sensitive land use planning and safe construction standards and practices to ensure sustainable growth. The URP recognizes that capacity building, skills development, training, and the conduct of exercises and drills to capacitate the human resources component are essential to the success of the project
Bangladesh Fire Service and Civil Defence (BFSCD)
Bangladesh Fire Service & Civil Defence is mandated first responder organization under Ministry of Home Affairs which remains alert 24 hours a day for the management of any incident/disaster in Bangladesh. The dedicated fire fighters and rescuers of this department have been able to gain the confidence of general people as "The Life Saving Force".
Vision: To acquire Competency as one of the Leading Fire Fighting and Disaster Management Organizations in Asia
Mission: To protect and save lives and property for a safe and secured Bangladesh
To cope up with increasing fire and disaster risks, several initiatives have been taken to reduce disaster risk, enhance disaster resilience and strengthen community and BFSCD response capacity. Our Honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has kindly approved to construct at least 01 fire station in each upazilla to strengthen the operational capability of BFSCD. At present, there are only 348 fire stations in our country with a total manpower of 9000 (appx.). 03 projects for constructing new fire stations are being implemented and it is expected that there will be a total of 552 fire stations within next few years and thus the manpower will be 15000. Other important steps taken such as: 11 Special Search & Rescue Teams (SAR) of FSCD in every division, 45000 community volunteers of FSCD, Training programs for AFD, Govt. NGO organizations, Media, Garments, School, Hospital, Slum etc. In 2017, a total of 2,52,555 peoples were trained, 4,152 buildings were surveyed and 9,466 drills/demonstrations were conducted. In 2017, total 14,236 public relation activities were carried out by local fire station. Several projects are being implemented to procure advanced search & rescue equipment, More than 500 fire fighters have been trained from foreign countries on: Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT), Structural Fire Fighting, Diving, Fire Investigation, Fire Inspection, Emergency Medical Services, Canine (Search by Dog) Search etc., 02 Diploma courses namely "Fire Safety Manager Course", "Fire Science & Occupational Safety Course" to develop professionals for the private industry to strengthen fire and disaster safety. hot telephone line (9555555) of FSCD for the people to confidentially convey the message or information regarding any irregularities or lacking of fire safety measures in garments factories or anywhere
BFSCD is associated with many national and international organizations such as International Fire Chiefs’ Association of Asia (IFCAA), Japan, International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG), Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF), Tokyo University of Science (TUS), Japan, Fire & Rescue Department of Malaysia, USAID, JICA, KOICA, National Disaster Management Advisory Committee in Bangladesh, National Platform for Disaster risk Reduction in Bangladesh, Earthquake Preparedness and Awareness Committee in Bangladesh, Institute of Engineers, Institute of Architects in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Red Crescent Society etc.